mardi 23 décembre 2014

Congrès américain : l'antisémitisme et le nettoyage ethnique en Arménie ont été évoqués

(Extensions of Remarks - December 12, 2014)

[Extensions of Remarks]
[Pages E1843-E1844]


                          HON. STEVE STOCKMAN

                                of texas

                    in the house of representatives

                       Friday, December 12, 2014
Mr. STOCKMAN. Mr. Speaker, I would like to discuss today an issue
that continues to haunt ethnic and religious minorities throughout our
world and in particular, a rise in anti-Semitism and ethnic cleansing
in Armenia. Mr. Speaker, in other words, Armenia, throughout its
history continues to practice anti-Semitism and ethnic cleansing of the
Azerbaijani minority. Mr. Speaker, I would like to submit an article
written by Arye Gut, a board member of the Israeli-Azerbaijani
International Organization entitled ``Anti-Semitism in Armenia: A Clear
and Present Danger''. Mr. Gut clearly articulates the issues of anti-
Semitism and ethnic cleansing in Armenia.

          Anti-Semitism in Armenia: A Clear and Present Danger

                         (By Arye Gut/

       The conflict in Syria has forced millions to leave their
     homes, among them many of the country's Armenian minority.
     Many have fled and returned to Armenia, a safe haven for
     ethnic Armenians--much as Israel is for Jews around the
     world. So it is ironic, given this shared need for a homeland
     free of religious intolerance, that Armenia's own Jewish
     community has been pressured and intimidated since the
     country attained independence.
       Anti-Semitism in Armenia is an unfortunate and little-
     acknowledged fact. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the
     country's Jewish minority and Jewish heritage--the products
     of a more tolerant time--have shrunk dramatically. The end of
     Soviet rule removed constraint, and anti-Semitic attacks rose
     dramatically. That, and Armenia's ongoing economic collapse,
     drive the Jews of Armenia to flee the country. In just 20
     years, Armenian Jewish population has shrunk from more than
     5,000 to just a few hundred.
       And the cultural violence has continued. Anti-Semitic books
     are published and TV programs aired, and the Holocaust
     memorial in the capital of Yerevan has been repeatedly
     defaced. Of course, many countries have suffered such
     unfortunate incidents, the product of an ignorant populace.
     But in Armenia such views have been espoused even by
     mainstream politicians and media personalities. In 2004, a
     pro-government radio presenter expressed anti-Semitic views
     for months on end. A nationalist politician was also allowed
     to freely make lurid slurs against Jews before public
     pressure forced the government to arrest him.
       The dwindling Jewish community in Armenia has complained
     about these attacks--the head of the Jewish community
     expressed her concern that ``this [anti-Semitism] has the
     backing of people in power.'' But appeals have fallen on deaf
     ears, which is hardly a surprise when such attitudes are
     shared by much of Armenian society. The Anti-Defamation
     League's latest survey in June 2014 showed that the rate of
     anti-Semitism in Armenia (at 58 percent) was the third-
     highest in all of Europe, and the highest in all of the
     former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Thus, around 1.3
     million out of 2.2 million adults in Armenia expressed anti-
     Semitic attitudes. Armenia's closest comparisons were with
     virulently hostile countries in the Middle East.
       Sixty-three percent of Armenians surveyed believe that Jews
     are hated ``because of the way Jews behave;'' 60 percent
     claimed that ``Jews don't care what happens to anyone but
     their own kind;'' 45 percent think that ``Jews still talk too
     much about what happened to them in the Holocaust;'' and 38
     percent consider that ``Jews are responsible for most of the
     world's wars.''
       Also disturbing, and of concern to Jews around the world,
     is that in 1988 some 49,928 families (250,000 Azerbaijanis)
     were forced to flee their places of origin in 172 Azerbaijani
     inhabited villages, 89 villages with mixed ethnic population,
     and six cities from Armenia. During the deportation, 226
     Azerbaijanis were killed by Armenians and scores horrifically
     injured. Their houses and properties were burned as well.
       The Khojaly massacre, committed by current Armenian
     leadership with incredible brutality, was one of the worst
     tragedies of the 20th century. It is a historical fact that
     the Armenian armed forces and gunmen spared none of the
     Khojaly residents, who had not managed to leave the city and
     its surroundings. As a result of the atrocities of the
     Armenian armed forces, 613 people were killed, 487 people
     were crippled, and 1,275 people--the elderly, children, and
     women who were captured--were subjected to unprecedented
     torture, abuse, and humiliation.
       In addition, Armenia, the aggressor, illegally occupied 20
     percent of Azerbaijan, including Nagorno-Karabakh and seven
     adjacent districts. This caused a refugee crisis numbering
     nearly 1 million innocent Azerbaijanis, as they attempted to
     ethnically cleanse the region. Today, this remains a threat
     to peace and security in the South Caucasus region.
     Encouraged by intense Armenian lobbying efforts in the U.S.
     and other key nations, as well as by strong and ongoing
     Russian military, economic, and political aid, Armenia has
     ignored four United Nations Security Council resolutions
     associated with the occupation of Azerbaijani lands and
     treatment of civilians.
       Perhaps this is not so surprising considering that one of
     Armenia's closest allies is theocratic Iran, which has always
     opposed Israel's right to existence. This strange
     relationship has been very beneficial for Iran, which has
     used Armenia as a conduit for smuggling and other illicit
     activities, often with serious consequences for U.S. national
       The last point also has unnerving overtones for Armenia's
     Jewish community, which has never forgotten the participation
     of the brutal 20,000-strong Armenian Legion as part of
     Wehrmacht in the Second World War. The Legion, led by the
     nationalist warlord known as General Dro, was tasked with
     rounding up Jews and other ``undesirables'' behind the German
     army as it swept across Russia, and organized their death
     marches to the concentration camps.
       In such an environment, it is hardly surprising that most
     of Armenia's Jewish population has either fled or
     intermarried to

[[Page E1844]]

     avoid attracting attention. Regrettably, the government of
     Armenia does almost nothing to curb the growing anti-Semitism
     in the country. Until Armenia realizes that narrow-minded
     nationalism and blaming the country's economic and political
     problems on outsiders will never solve anything, the Jews of
     Armenia will continue to suffer.
Source :

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Histoire des Arméniens dans le Caucase : le déchaînement de la violence nationaliste arménienne à l'occasion de la décomposition soviétique