mardi 27 janvier 2015

Par la voix de Frank-Walter Steinmeier, le gouvernement allemand refuse de qualifier 1915 de "génocide"

German gov't refuses to label 1915 as genocide
Celal Özcan BERLIN

The government of Germany has declared that it is against labeling the mass massacres of Armenians that Turkey continues to deny as genocide as the Armenian genocide and is not planning any commemoration for the anniversary.


According to Armenia, up to 1.5 million Ottoman Armenians were killed starting from 1915. Turkey denies that the deaths constituted genocide, saying the toll during the mass deportation of Ottoman Armenians has been inflated and that those killed in 1915 and 1916 were victims of general unrest during the World War I.

Upon a parliamentary question from Die Linke, which is the main opposition party in Germany, the German Foreign Ministry clarified its position regarding the 1915 events with a written statement. According to the four-point response, the question whether the events constituted genocide should be answered by historians and the issue should be solved between Turkey and Armenia.

The statement also stressed that the United Nations' 1948 convention, which defines genocide, does not apply retroactively.

"We are informed about the initiatives planned by Armenian communities for the 100th anniversary of the 1915/1916 events. The German government currently has no action plan for commemorations at the moment," the statement added.

Ulla Jelpke, a member of the Bundestag from Die Linke, said the German government's stance was "unacceptable." After claiming that the German and Ottoman Turkish governments of the time were "accomplices," Jelpke said the current government in Berlin was "evading responsibility."

On April 24, 1915, the Ottoman government signed the Deportation Law, which stipulated the forced migration of Ottoman Armenians.

Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan recently rebuffed an invitation by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to attend ceremonies marking the centenary of the Battle of Gallipoli in Çanakkale on April 24, 2015.

In a landmark statement on the Armenian issue delivered on April 23, 2014, Erdoğan highlighted the “shared pain” endured during the 1915 events, expressing condolences on behalf of the Turkish state to the grandchildren of Armenians who lost their lives “in the context of the early 20th century.”

Then-Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, on the other hand, labeled the deportation as "wrong" and "inhumane" in December 2013.

But Turkey still denies that the mass massacres account for a genocide, a position which is relayed by the media that is bound to respect the official history line to avoid any sanctions, regardless historic facts and the personal opinions of editors.

Israeli Ambassador to Azerbaijan Rafael Harpaz announced early this month that the Tel Aviv government would not recognize the events as genocide.

January/24/2015
Source : http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/german-govt-rejects-to-label-1915-events-as-genocide.aspx?pageID=238&nID=77384&NewsCatID=359

Voir également : Les violences durant la désagrégation de l'Empire ottoman, selon l'historien allemand Christian Gerlach

L'historien allemand Götz Aly face à la question arménienne

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