mardi 17 mars 2015

Arménie : suite à des pressions du pouvoir, plusieurs figures de l'opposition démissionnent

Երեքշաբթի, մարտի 17, 2015 Ժամանակը Երեւանում 14:34
Ռադիո | ժամանակացույց
Ազատություն TV
in English
Tsarukian Quits ‘Active Politics’

Astghik Bedevian

Հրապարակված է՝ 05.03.2015

Bowing to strong pressure from President Serzh Sarkisian, Gagik Tsarukian resigned as chairman of Armenia’s largest opposition party and announced his retirement from “active politics” on Thursday.

Tsarukian defended his decision to steer clear of a potentially violent confrontation with the Sarkisian administration as he addressed an emergency congress of the Prosperous Armenia Party (BHK) held behind the closed doors. One of his top aides, Naira Zohrabian, was elected as the party’s new chairperson.

“I am leaving active politics,” Tsarukian said in a speech.
“I am not the party chairman anymore. But I will continue to be of use to my country and my people in other areas.”

“Please do not appeal to me with political questions from now on,” he added. “I am not going to interfere in any of your decisions. I have nothing to do with the BHK anymore.”


Tsarukian, who became one of the country’s richest men during former President Robert Kocharian’s rule, gave no clear reasons for his resignation, which is certain to reshape the Armenian political landscape. He said only that his decision was “not easy” and resulted from “long deliberations.”

Tsarukian called for anti-government demonstrations and declared Sarkisian’s ouster “the greatest cause of my life” immediately after the president warned him on January 12 to end his political activities or face a government crackdown on his businesses. However, the tycoon went on to call off a rally which the BHK and its opposition allies were due to hold in Yerevan on February 20. He cited the need to avoid bloodshed.

Tsarukian reiterated this justification at the BHK congress. “I could not have forgiven myself if the blood of a single person had been spilled,” he said. “This is the line I cannot cross. Accept me as I am.”

Observers believe that the former arm wrestler reputedly close to Kocharian feared losing much of his fortune and being prosecuted for alleged “crimes” mentioned by Sarkisian. Some of them claim that he also feared for his life.

The party congress promptly approved Tsarukian choice of the new BHK leader: Naira Zohrabian. As well as advising Tsarukian on political affairs, Zohrabian has been a senior member of the BHK’s parliamentary faction, the second largest in the National Assembly.

Zohrabian declined to comment on the reasons for Tsarukian’s resignation in her acceptance speech and ensuing meeting with reporters. The former journalist was also vague on the BHK’s new political orientation and objectives. “We need time to plan our tactic and further steps,” she said.

Zohrabian clarified only that the party is now officially in opposition to the Armenian government. It remained unclear, though, whether it will campaign for snap national elections or seek to scuttle a controversial constitutional reform planned by Sarkisian.
Source : http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/26883907.html

in English
Oskanian Also Leaves Key Opposition Party
Հրապարակված է՝ 05.03.2015

Former Foreign Minister Vartan Oskanian on Thursday confirmed his decision to quit the Prosperous Armenia Party (BHK), pointing to its failure to achieve regime change in the country.

“Terminating my membership in the BHK, I am conscious of my share of responsibility for its failure,” he said in a written statement issued shortly after the resignation of the party’s founding leader, Gagik Tsarukian.

Oskanian condemned “the arbitrary and unconstitutional use of all government levers” against Tsarukian, which is thought to have driven the tycoon out of politics. He said the crackdown not only damaged Armenia’s international reputation but also dashed “the Armenian people’s hopes to expedite immediate radical changes in the country.”

Oskanian also congratulated the BHK’s new chairwoman, Naira Zohrabian, expressing hope that the party will “continue to fight against political monopoly in the country” under her leadership.

Zohrabian was the first to reveal Oskanian’s resignation on Wednesday. She said on Thursday that the Syrian-born former U.S. citizen, who served as Armenia’s top diplomat throughout former President Robert Kocharian’s 1998-2008 rule, will retain his parliament seat.

Oskanian has been one of the most bitter BHK critics of President Serzh Sarkisian ever since he joined Tsarukian’s party in early 2012, shortly before it pulled out of Armenia’s coalition government. He has been the target of frequent verbal attacks from Sarkisian’s political allies.

According to media reports, Sarkisian demanded Oskanian’s removal from the BHK leadership during a confidential January 17 meeting with Tsarukian. The meeting resulted in Tsarukian’s decision to stop challenging the government.

Նույն թեմայով in English
Source : http://www.azatutyun.mobi/a/26884248.html

The end of politics in Armenia
Analyses
2015-03-11
Szymon Ananicz

On 5 March Gagik Tsarukian, one of the richest Armenian oligarchs and the founder and leader of Prosperous Armenia, the largest party outside the coalition government, announced that he was ceasing his political activity. Less than three weeks before, he had withdrawn from organising mass demonstrations which Prosperous Armenia - which itself was part of the establishment - had planned to hold together with opposition groups at the end of February with the intention of seizing power. Tsarukian’s resignation was the result of blackmail by the ruling team; they revealed that he owed multi-billion debts to the treasury, and also threatened to deprive him of his parliamentary mandate. Many members of Prosperous Armenia left the party in the wake of Tsarukian, including some of its parliamentary deputies.

In the short term, the quashing of Prosperous Armenia will strengthen the government camp, particularly President Serzh Sargsian. But in the long run – possibly before the parliamentary elections in 2017 and presidential elections in 2018 – it may contribute to the weakening of the government’s legitimacy, and threaten social and political stability.

A strong elite

The political neutralisation of Prosperous Armenia can be seen as a success for the government, which has put an end to a potentially dangerous scenario in which part of the establishment formed an anti-government alliance with the opposition.
Unlike other opposition parties, Prosperous Armenia had significant resources that could have been used to mobilise the public and part of the elite against the ruling camp. From the establishment’s point of view, the threat had intensified over the last six months, with the start of Tsarukian’s opposition activities and his cooperation with the Armenian National Congress (ANC) and the Heritage party, which aim to overthrow Sargsian and dismantle the oligarchic political-economic system in Armenia.

The break-up of the opposition will strengthen Sargsian’s grip on the country and the Republican Party of Armenia (RPA) which he leads. He has proved that he is able to discipline even the richest oligarch, who had significant influence on the structures of the state and enjoyed the support of the former President Robert Kocharian, another important oligarch. Kocharian used to be Sargsian’s patron, but it seems the current president has managed to make himself independent of his predecessor.

According to press reports, Tsarukian had unsuccessfully courted Moscow’s support for his plan to seize power. The failure of these attempts may therefore demonstrate that the ruling team is meeting the expectations of the Kremlin – another testament to the strong position of the current establishment.

No political alternatives

The consolidation of power in the hands of the president and his party is going hand in hand with the reduction of political pluralism in Armenia. This is due to the ruling team’s authoritarian methods, but also to the weakness and fragmentation of the opposition groups, which have been marginalised as a result of their failures in the presidential, parliamentary and local government elections over the last three years (together the ANC and Heritage hold about 10% of the seats in parliament).

The geopolitical situation is serving to maintain the status quo. The unresolved Karabakh conflict gives the country the feeling of a permanent state of emergency, which the authorities use as an excuse for the difficult situation, and also to strengthen their own legitimacy.
The importance of the Karabakh factor has increased over the last year, together with the most serious intensification in the last twenty years of hostilities between Armenia and Karabakh against Azerbaijan (during this period around 60 people have died in mutual exchanges of fire). In addition, Armenia’s dependence on Russia in the political, economic and security spheres, as well as its membership in the Eurasian Economic Union, significantly limit the country’s room for manoeuvre. The opposition is therefore finding it difficult to put forward any alternative paths for development and policy.

Social discontent

The stability of the political scene increasingly contrasts with growing public dissatisfaction at the situation in the country. The regional isolation of Armenia, the oligarchic structure of the economy and the high levels of corruption rule out any hope that the country can overcome its economic stagnation. The authorities’ actions are limited to everyday administration and ‘patching up holes’, primarily by increasing the financial burden imposed on society by means such as raising pension contributions, fines for traffic offenses, transport prices and increasing tax collection. The situation has been exacerbated by membership of the Eurasian Economic Union (since the beginning of this year), as Armenia has now become even more vulnerable to the ongoing economic downturn in Russia. This has contributed to the decline in the value of the local currency and a significant increase in commodity prices, which is a severe blow to an impoverished population (every third inhabitant of Armenia lives in poverty; the average per capita income does not exceed US$7700).

The increasing social frustration has been expressed in ever more frequent demonstrations and in a rise in criminality. The wave of demonstrations and riots after the massacre of an Armenian family by a Russian soldier this January proves that public order is fragile.

Traditionally, emigration to Russia was an important factor in discharging social tensions; tens of thousands of people used to go there every year for work. For these people and their families, it was often the only way to meet the minimum necessities of life (remittances from guest workers accounted for 21% of the country’s GDP). However, the downturn in the Russian market has forced many emigrants to return, and lowered the amount of money transfers from Russia by over half. In addition, Russia has banned re-entry onto Russian Federation territory to around 60,000 Armenian guest workers for having violated the migration laws, and according to estimates from Moscow as many as 180,000 Armenians may face a similar ban. This situation will increase the potential social instability in Armenia, of which the protests against the Russian ‘black list’ (held regularly since February) are a sign.

So far, some social discontent has been channelled into political activity, including by the opposition groups (there is a strong tradition of party rallies and demonstrations). But in the face of the break-up of the opposition and the closing off of political channels, this frustration will find other forms of expression – more scattered, but probably also more radical.

Another risk comes from the unfreezing of the Karabakh conflict. A further escalation of violence there could undermine the social and political order in Armenia.
Source : http://www.osw.waw.pl/en/publikacje/analyses/2015-03-11/end-politics-armenia

Voir également : Arménie : le président Sarkissian qualifie le leader de l'opposition de "danger pour l'Etat"

Erevan : agression contre l'activiste Vilen Gabrielian

Arménie : encore un opposant agressé à Erevan

Erevan : agressions de journalistes par la police arménienne

Shant Haroutiounian et ses amis sont à considérer comme des prisonniers politiques

Un activiste condamné à 6 ans de prison en Arménie (pour avoir organisé une manifestation) : pas de commentaire du ministre de la Justice

Arménie : des activistes risquent d'être condamnés à plusieurs années de prison