dimanche 28 juin 2015

L'Arménie : une corruption systémique, selon un rapport

in English
U.S. Report Highlights ‘Systemic Corruption’ In Armenia

Anush Mkrtchian

Հրապարակված է՝ 26.06.2015

The U.S. State Department has described “systemic corruption” as one of the most frequent and serious forms of human rights violation in Armenia, saying that the authorities in Yerevan are not doing enough to tackle it.


“Allegations of persistent corruption at all levels of government undermined the rule of law, although the government took limited steps to punish corruption by low- and mid-level officials,” the State Department said on Thursday in its latest annual report on human rights practices around the world.

“There were numerous reports of systemic government corruption, including in such activities as urban maintenance, construction, public administration, the judiciary, state procurement and auctions, health care, taxation, law enforcement bodies, and military personnel,” reads the report. “There were reports of embezzlement of state funds, involvement of government officials in questionable business activities, and tax privileges for government-linked companies.”

These corrupt practices are a “significant” hurdle to Armenia’s sustainable economic development, says the report. “In the view of many observers, oligarchs linked to the government or holding government posts monopolized the economy,” it adds.

Commenting on these claims on Friday, a senior lawmaker representing the ruling Republican Party of Armenia (HHK) admitted that corrupt remains a “serious problem” in Armenia. But Hovannes Sahakian insisted that the government is committed to combatting it.

“We must draw a red line and not allow corrupt officials and their relatives to thrive among us,” Sahakian told RFE/RL’s Armenian service (Azatutyun.am).

The government pledged to reinvigorate its stated fight against corruption in February when it announced plans to set up a new Anti-Corruption Council that will be headed by Prime Minister Abrahamian and comprise several ministers and other top state officials. It also urged the political parties represented in the Armenian parliament and civic groups to nominate their representatives to the council.

None of those groups expressed readiness to join the body. Local anti-graft watchdogs like the Anti-Corruption Center (ACC), which operates as the Armenian branch of Transparency International, are highly skeptical about the government assurances.

“We don’t see a genuine process of combatting corruption,”
Sona Ayvazian, the ACC’s deputy director, insisted on Friday. “We don’t even expect that something can change in this environment of [government] inactivity.”

Armenia ranked, along with four African states, 94th of 174 countries and territories evaluated in Transparency International’s most recent Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) released last December. It occupied the same position in the 2013 CPI which covered 177 nations.
Source : http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/27095584.html

Voir également : Arménie : des dons luxueux pour les officiels du régime bananier

Le pouvoir arménien veut classer "secret d'Etat" les informations sur les dépenses personnelles de ses dirigeants

Arménie : libération sur parole du fils d'un diplomate, impliqué dans un trafic de drogue à la frontière iranienne

La police arménienne a "perdu" 78 kg d'héroïne

Le beau-fils d'un député arménien serait suspecté d'être l'auteur d'une fusillade ayant fait cinq blessés

Arménie : les six raisons possibles de la démission du Premier ministre Tigran Sarkissian

En proie à la contestation sociale, le régime bananier arménien obtient un prêt russe... pour acheter plus d'armes

in English
Russian Loan To Finance More Arms Supplies To Armenia

Հրապարակված է՝ 27.06.2015

Armenia will purchase soon more Russian-made weapons with a $200 million loan that has been provided to it by the Russian government, it emerged on Friday.


President Serzh Sarkisian said that the disbursement of the “concessional export loan” was formalized at a meeting of a Russian-Armenian intergovernmental commission on bilateral cooperation that took place in Yerevan earlier in the day.

Sarkisian told the Russian co-chair of the commission, Transport Minister Maxim Sokolov, that the funding will enable Armenia’s armed forces to “considerably expand the assortment of modern weaponry in their arsenal.” A statement by his office did not specify what type of new military equipment will be purchased for them.

Sarkisian’s announcement came less than two weeks after Armenia’s top military official in charge of arms procurements flew to Moscow for talks with representatives of Russia’s Defense Ministry and state intermediary agency for arms exports. The Armenian Defense Ministry said the official, Alik Mirzabekian, will discuss with them “supplies of products designed for military use.”

Russia has long been the principal source of weapons delivered to Armenia. A military alliance with Moscow and membership in the Russian-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) entitles Yerevan to receiving Russian-made weapons at discounted prices or even free of charge.
Source : http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/27096316.html

Voir également : Arménie : le troisième Etat le plus militarisé au monde

Erevan : la police arménienne réprime violemment les manifestants et les journalistes

Armenia: Police Violence Against Protesters, Journalists
June 24, 2015

(Berlin) – Police in Armenia used force to disperse a largely peaceful protest on June 23, 2015, raising concerns about potential human rights violations, Human Rights Watch said today.

The authorities should immediately open a thorough and impartial investigation to determine whether the force used was lawful and proportionate, and if not, ensure accountability for those responsible for use of excessive force. They should investigate all allegations of beatings, unlawful destruction of journalists’ equipment, and arbitrary detention of journalists covering the protests. The investigation should also examine the circumstances in which water cannons were deployed, such as what warnings were given to protesters and operational instructions on targeting of water jets.

“Even if the Yerevan demonstration was unauthorized, nothing can justify physical attacks on largely peaceful demonstrators and journalists covering the protests,” said Giorgi Gogia, senior South Caucasus researcher at Human Right Watch. “Police responsible for beating protesters and interfering with the work of journalists should be held to account.”

On June 19, demonstrators began round-the-clock protests in Yerevan, the capital, against plans by the national electricity company to raise electricity prices for the third time in three years. Hundreds of young people joined the protests, which took place on central Liberty Square, organized by the non-partisan, non-political group, “No To Plunder.”

On June 22, media reports said, hundreds of the demonstrators marched toward the presidential palace. When the police blocked them, they sat down on Marshal Baghramyan Avenue, one of Yerevan’s main thoroughfares. Early on June 23, the authorities warned protesters that the gathering was unsanctioned and told them to clear the street. The police warned that if the protesters did not cooperate, the police would use “special means” to disperse them. Soon thereafter police forcibly dispersed the crowd.

A witness told Human Rights Watch by phone that after police had given at least two warnings to disperse, many protesters stayed in place. Almost immediately, the police turned high-pressure water cannons against the protesters. The witness was sprayed in the face, causing his vision to be temporarily impaired, and was escorted to the hospital by other protesters.
Police officials told the media that at least 25 people, including 11 policemen, were injured. Several protesters sought medical assistance at hospitals.

A video posted by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) shows police using water cannons on people resisting dispersal by sitting on the ground, while some of the people are moving away from the protest. The video shows uniformed police and men in street clothes, some wearing arm bands that said “Police,” charging at protesters and dragging them away as well as some police chasing fleeing protesters.

Another video shows men in street clothes, one with the police armband, beating a young man. It is not clear whether the man was involved in the protests.


The media reports said the police attacked or detained numerous reporters, and in some cases smashed or confiscated cameras and deleted their photo and video materials.


Paylak Farhadian, a journalist for independent Gala TV, told Human Rights Watch that uniformed police and people in street clothes struck him, injuring a rib, though he was wearing a visible press badge and had a microphone.
Police detained him for about 40 minutes.

A TV cameraman told Human Rights Watch that men in street clothes destroyed his camera and hit him on the head as he was filming the police action.


Police detained over 200 demonstrators, holding them for most of the day on suspicion of hooliganism and property damage. Some activists claimed that the number detained was higher, but Human Rights Watch could not independently verify the claims.

Human Rights Watch received a number of reports of police interfering with demonstrators’ access to a lawyer. Robert Revazyan, a lawyer from Armenian Helsinki Committee, said that officials at the Shengavit district police station denied him access to his client for more than an hour, during which they questioned the client. Police continued the questioning in Revazyan’s presence, but then forcibly pushed Revazyan out of the station and then conducted alcohol and drug testing on his client. Another lawyer from the Armenian Helsinki Association had similar problems in the same police station, waiting for two hours to see his client.

An Armenian human rights defender told Human Rights Watch that by the evening of June 23 all of those detained had been released without charge, but police told them they could be further questioned as witnesses or suspects in an investigation.

Armenia is a party to a number of human rights treaties, including the European Convention on Human Rights, which obliges the government to respect the right to freedom of assembly and to refrain in all circumstances from ill-treating protesters. In particular, the European Court of Human Rights has noted that although governments can require that protests obtain prior authorization, respect for freedom of assembly requires that authorities show a degree of tolerance toward peaceful gatherings, even if they are not authorized, and that any sanction for participation in an unauthorized demonstration be proportionate so as not to deprive the right to assembly of all meaning.

The government also has a duty to conduct prompt, thorough, and effective investigations into alleged abuses and remedy violations of those obligations.

On the evening of June 23, according to media reports, several thousand people gathered at the site of the dispersed protest, to demonstrate against the police use of force. The new demonstration included many of those previously participating in the protests, as well as many of their parents and other supporters. Peaceful protests were continuing on June 24.

“With the renewed protests, Armenian authorities have a chance to show respect for peaceful assemblies and refrain from repeating the violence against demonstrators,” Gogia said. “The authorities should make clear at the highest levels that aggressive and illegal police actions will absolutely not be tolerated.”
Source : http://www.hrw.org/news/2015/06/24/armenia-police-violence-against-protesters-journalists

in English
Journalists Targeted In Armenian Police Crackdown

Sisak Gabrielian

Հրապարակված է՝ 23.06.2015

The Armenian police attacked or detained more than a dozen reporters and smashed or confiscated cameras used by some of them during a violent crackdown on protesters in Yerevan on Tuesday morning.


A senior official from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe was quick to express serious concern at what was the worst instance of state-sanctioned violence against Armenian journalists in years.


“I call on the authorities to promptly investigate these incidents and take steps to ensure restraint on the part of law enforcement representatives toward members of the media,” Dunja Mijatovic, the OSCE representative on press freedom, said in a statement issued just hours after riot police broke up a protest against rising electricity prices.

The Armenian authorities did not signal, however, any intention to investigate security forces’ treatment of journalists covering their crackdown.


Several journalists working for media outlets not controlled by the government were among more than 230 people that were arrested during the police operation. They all were released from custody in the following hours.

“They detained me on Baghramian Avenue after they were done beating up the protesters,” said Mkrtich Karapetian, a correspondent for the “Haykakan Zhamanak” daily.

At least four other reporters, a correspondent for the independent TV station GALA and three cameramen of the 1in.am news service, were beaten up and seriously injured by law-enforcement officers mostly wearing plain clothes. The latter also smashed their digital video cameras or confiscated their memory cards containing dramatic images of the operation.

The violence against journalists appeared to be ordered by high-ranking security officials overseeing the crackdown. General Levon Yeranosian, the commander of Armenia’s interior troops, swore at RFE/RL journalists Artur Papian and Sisak Gabrielian and cameraman Garik Azizbekian as they were attacked by his subordinates in the city’s Liberty Square.

The officers broke the reporters’ mobile phones and smashed a camera that was used for the live streaming of the overnight protests. Azizbekian was also forced to surrender the camera’s memory card.

The police seemed particularly anxious to get hold of professional footage of the crowd dispersal. “They didn’t let me go until they got hold of the chip,” said Hayk Badalian of the Photolur photo news agency.

Hakob Karapetian, a correspondent for Ilur.am, said he was caught by policemen after he took pictures of Yeranosian personally snatching a camera from another reporter and hitting it to the ground. “They took me to the deputy chief of the national police, Hunan Poghosian, and Yeranosian,” he wrote on Facebook. “Poghosian ordered to take the memory chip out of the camera and hand it to him. Yeranosian growled with swear words in the meantime.”

The police denied any wrongdoing in a statement issued later in the day. The statement claimed that the journalists “consistently ignored legitimate police appeals to keep a reasonable distance from the site of the rally” and thereby “effectively became participants of the rally.”

For its part, Armenia’s Investigative Committee, another law-enforcement body, made clear that it will not launch criminal proceedings in connection with the police violence against the journalists.
Source : http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/27089229.html

Pour rappel : Erevan : vives protestations contre l'augmentation du prix de l'électricité

lundi 22 juin 2015

Droits des réfugiés azerbaïdjanais : la CEDH condamne l'Arménie

Strasbourg court decision deals blow to Armenia over Azerbaijan
EurActiv.com by Georgi Gotev
19 Jun 2015 - 17:29 updated: 19 Jun 2015 - 19:56

A decision by the European Court of Human Rights concerning the complaints of seven Azerbaijani nationals who were unable to return or receive compensation for their property in Lachin, in Nagorno-Karabakh, confirmed that Armenia controls the territory.


The ECHR Grand Chamber announced its judgment on the case called “Chiragov and others v. Armenia” on 16 June.

The seven applicants are Azerbaijani Kurds who lived in the district of Lachin, in Azerbaijan. They stated that they were unable to return to their homes and property there, after having been forced to leave in 1992 during the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh (see background).

The application was lodged with the European Court of Human Rights on 6 April 2005. In a decision of 14 December 2011, the Court declared the complaints admissible.

The court ruled that there had been violations on all accounts of the complaint (violations of several articles of the European Convention on Human Rights, on protection of property, of right to respect for private and family life, of right to an effective remedy).

The court dismissed several objections put forward by the government of Armenia, including the one that this country didn’t have effective control over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories, and thus lacked jurisdiction.
According to Yerevan, Nagorno-Karabakh is a sovereign state called “NKR”.

The court decision reads:

“The Court noted in particular that numerous reports and public statements, including from members and former members of the Armenian Government, demonstrated that Armenia, through its military presence and by providing military equipment and expertise, had been significantly involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict from an early date. Armenia’s military support continued to be decisive for the control over the territories in question. Furthermore, it was evident from the facts established in the case that Armenia gave the “NKR” substantial political and financial support; its citizens were moreover required to acquire Armenian passports to travel abroad, as the “NKR” was not recognised by any State or international organisation. In conclusion, Armenia and the “NKR” were highly integrated in virtually all important matters and the “NKR” and its administration survived by virtue of the military, political, financial and other support given to it by Armenia.”

The next sentence is particularly unequivocal:

“Armenia thus exercised effective control over Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories.”

The ministry of foreign affairs of Azerbaijan published a statement, saying among other things: “Consequently, Armenia is under the obligation to withdraw immediately, completely and unconditionally its armed forces from these territories”.
Background

Nagorno-Karabakh is one of the so-called frozen conflicts in the post-Soviet space. It is a landlocked region in the Southern Caucasus, de jure on the territory of Azerbaijan, but de facto governed by the Armenian-backed breakaway government of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.

An armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan took place between 1988 and 1994 over Nagorno-Karabakh. A Russian-brokered cease-fire was signed in May 1994.

In August 2008, the US, France and Russia began to negotiate a full settlement of the conflict, proposing a referendum on the status of the territory. The effort culminated in the signature in Moscow by Armenian President Serzh Sarksyan and his Azeri counterpart Ilham Aliyev of an agreement to hold talks on a political settlement.
EurActiv.com by Georgi Gotev
Source : http://www.euractiv.com/sections/europes-east/strasbourg-court-decision-deals-blow-armenia-over-azerbaijan-315575

Voir également : L'expulsion des Kurdes d'Arménie et du Karabakh

Histoire des Arméniens : élimination de la minorité azérie au Karabagh

Le douloureux problème des réfugiés azéris

L'histoire du Karabakh
 
Le conflit arméno-azéri : "Les opérations de nettoyage [ethnique], qui concernent en gros 200 000 personnes de chaque côté, semblent avoir été menées plus systématiquement et étalées dans le temps en Arménie et plus par à-coups violents en Azerbaïdjan"

Khodjali (1992) : à la merci des Arméniens
 
L'expulsion méthodique des derniers Azéris d'Arménie
 
1988-1989 : la fin des derniers villages azéris en Arménie
 
Le prétendu "pogrom nationaliste azéri" de Soumgaït en 1988 : une manipulation communisto-mafieuse ?

Les circonstances des émeutes anti-arméniennes de Bakou en janvier 1990
 
L'épuration générale des minorités ethniques en Arménie
   
 
La destruction des monuments historiques azerbaïdjanais en Arménie
 

La destruction des monuments culturels azerbaïdjanais de la ville de Shusha, occupée par l'Arménie

Arménie : la CEDH condamne une fois de plus les violations des droits de l'homme

Erevan : vives protestations contre l'augmentation du prix de l'électricité

in English
Armenian Energy Prices Raised Amid Protests

Astghik Bedevian եւ Sisak Gabrielian

Հրապարակված է՝ 17.06.2015

Utility regulators formally raised the prices of electricity in Armenia by over 16 percent on Wednesday as dozens of people scuffled with riot police in Yerevan in protest against the unpopular measure expected to spark larger anti-government demonstrations.


The decision unanimously made by the five members of the Public Services Regulatory Commission (PSRC) also failed to satisfy Armenia’s Russian-owned power distribution network. The Electricity Networks of Armenia (ENA) operator has been seeking a more than 40 percent increase in the prices of its electricity delivered to households and corporate consumers, citing the need to end its massive losses.

The PSRC chairman, Robert Nazarian, said earlier this month that the daytime electricity price for households will rise from 42 drams to almost 49 drams (10 U.S. cents) per kilowatt/hour. The households will pay almost 39 drams per kilowatt/hour during night hours, he said.

The commission formalized these tariff increases, effective from August 1, in the presence of other government officials, journalists and anti-government activists. The latter responded by chanting “Shame!”

Dozens of other activists, most of them young members of the opposition Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun), protested outside the PSRC offices in downtown Yerevan. Scuffles broke out as riot police stopped them from breaking into the building after the announcement of the PSRC’s decision.

Some protesters threw eggs and tomatoes at law-enforcement officers led by Valeri Osipian, a deputy chief of the Yerevan police. Six of them were detained as a result. They all were set free later in the day.

A much larger number of people took to the streets of the capital late last month to protest against the impending price hikes. A non-partisan pressure group that organized the protest is scheduled to again rally supporters on Friday.

The protesters’ anger reflected a widely held belief in Armenia that the ENA is forcing consumers to pay for its perceived mismanagement.

Speaking during parliamentary hearings last week, Nazarian acknowledged that the ENA management has failed to tackle fraud within its ranks and indulged in extravagant expenses such as lease of expensive cars and office space for senior company executives.

Still, Nazarian insisted that the ENA, which is owned by Russia’s UES national electric utility, cannot stop incurring substantial losses with the existing electricity prices. He said higher tariffs are also need to enable the ENA to repay 106 billion drams ($225 million) in outstanding debts to power plants and commercial banks.

The ENA, meanwhile, criticized the price rises approved the regulators as not far-reaching enough. In a letter to the PSRC sent ahead of its latest meeting, the ENA’s Russian chief executive, Yevgeny Bibin, accused the commission of ignoring most of its “economically justified operational costs.”

Bibin warned that his company will not be able to meet the necessary “requirements for the quality and reliability of electricity supplies” if the PRSC refuses to accept its tariff application in full. Nazarian publicly condemned the warning as “blackmail.”

The daytime electricity price for households already went up by 27 percent in July 2013 because of the increased cost of Russian natural gas generating more than one-third of Armenia’s electricity. The PSRC raised it by another 10 percent in July 2014.
Source : http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/27077441.html

Gyumri (Arménie) : une ville régie par des habitudes patriarcales et misogynes

06.10.2015 12:26 epress.am
The Status and Role of Women in the Androcentric Society of Armenian Gyumri

To the widespread circumstances of violations of women's rights in Armenia, such as the biased attitude of the police and the courts, as well as the lack of legal awareness, in Gyumri, the second largest city in Armenia, others are added, which further complicate the situation. Among the circumstances contributing to the preservation of a patriarchal society are the high rates of emigration among the male population of the city, and the criminal morals in Gyumri, Armine Gmyur-Karapetyan, Executive Director of “Arevamanuk” family and child care fund, said in an interview with Epress.am. As a result, Gmyur-Karapetyan stated, Gyumri has turned into a marked androcentric city.

In Gyumri, the fund is primarily engaged in public mental health services; however, for the past year they've been implementing a program in cooperation with the “Women's Support Center” NGO, whose main focus is to assist victims of domestic violence. 24 victims of domestic abuse have already turned to the program and received psychological, social, and legal assistance, Gmyur-Karapetyan said.

“There are high rates of emigration in Gyumri. The fathers' absence, though not for good, but rather the best part of the year, affects the psychology of children: it causes sadness, feelings of insecurity, anxiety. The women are also affected by the absence of their husbands. Throughout the year, young women see their husbands for only a month; they too feel insecure.”

The second most important problem, according to Gmyur-Karapetyan, are the morals and habits of the criminal world established in Gyumri.


“In the last 15-16 years, the city has been living according to the laws of the criminal world, which is due to the policies pursued by the previous city authorities. This problem cannot be solved in a short time. If the city elite does not promote the rule of law, but rather prefers a clannish, illegal way of life, then these values will be spread around the whole society.

“When young boys see their fathers having it out with somebody, they do the same. We often hear news about dead bodies found in one of the neighborhoods, about shootings, murder, and so on. Crime further strengthens the patriarchy, promotes the unprecedented limitations on the women's role,” Armine Gmyur-Karapetyan stated.

The locals, she said, wistfully recall the days when young girls too could be seen strolling through the streets of the city in the evenings, when women lived a more active social life.

The majority of native residents of Gyumri has left the city, the flow of people from villages has increased; as a result, only phrase-mongering about the residents of Gyumri has remained, which does not reflect positively on the youth, Gmyur-Karapetyan concluded.
Source : http://www.epress.am/en/2015/06/10/the-status-and-role-of-women-in-the-androcentric-society-of-armenian-gyumri.html

Voir également : Crime d'honneur à Gyumri (Arménie)

En Arménie, le harcèlement sexuel au travail n'est pas considéré comme une infraction pénale

En Arménie, le Parti républicain (au pouvoir) ne voit pas la nécessité d'une loi contre les violences domestiques

Violences domestiques en Arménie : "Ne détruisez pas la famille arménienne avec vos approches européennes" (Robert Aharonyan, homme politique)

"Valeurs européennes" : choc politico-culturel entre Arméniens d'Arménie et Arméniens diasporiques

Les coutumes matrimoniales des Arméniens

Les violences domestiques : un problème qui touche plus du quart des femmes d'Arménie

Le problème de la violence conjugale en Arménie

Les violences faites aux femmes et aux filles en Arménie (rapport de 2011)

Arménie : des femmes souffrent en silence

Violence au sein de la famille arménienne : le cas de Greta Baghdasaryan

Le crime d'honneur, une tradition arménienne ?

Marseille : retour sur un crime d'honneur arménien symptomatique

Le crime d'honneur, une tradition méconnue des chrétiens d'Orient

Istanbul : un couple religieusement mixte victime d'un crime d'honneur de la part du beau-frère chrétien arménien

France : les crimes d'honneur au sein de la première génération d'immigrés arméniens

Le communautarisme diasporique arménien : endogamie, mariages arrangés, auto-ghettoïsation

Le problème des mariages précoces chez les Arméniens du Liban

mardi 9 juin 2015

Berç Keresteciyan : un député arménien sous Atatürk et İsmet İnönü

Ahmed Rechid, "Les droits minoritaires en Turquie dans le passé et dans le présent", Revue Générale de Droit International Public, tome XLII, 1935, p. 294-295 :

"C'est donc à la lumière de ces éclaircissements qu'il convient d'examiner le manifeste publié, le 3 février, par Ataturk. Ce dernier, après y avoir rappelé aux formations de son parti, en particulier aux électeurs du second degré qui en sont membres, que le Parti Populaire, tout en étant « républicain et nationaliste », n'entend pas toutefois exclure de la Chambre la présence d'éléments indépendants, et, par suite, en écarter la libre critique, leur dit que le Bureau du Parti a décidé de s'abstenir de désigner des candidats pour seize mandats que les électeurs susdits devront confier aux personnes en dehors de leur parti. Ces mandats étaient répartis entre les principales provinces du pays (Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir (Smyrne), Siwas, etc.), où les corps électoraux ont effectivement nommé seize députés « indépendants » dont quatre appartiennent aux communautés non-musulmanes : deux Grecs, un Arménien et un Israélite. Ce dernier nombre ne doit pas être trouvé petit, regardé avec dédain : il est proportionné au chiffre de la population non-musulmane par rapport à l'immense majorité musulmane. En tout cas, depuis la fondation de la République turque, qui est entrée dans sa douzième année, c'est pour la première fois que la Grande Assemblée Nationale voit dans son enceinte des personnes appartenant aux minorités. Il est vrai que, d'après la loi électorale, celles-ci — jouissant des mêmes droits politiques que l'élément turc musulman — pouvaient élire, dans les circonscriptions où leurs membres forment des agglomérations plus ou moins compactes, des députés appartenant à leurs communautés respectives. Mais il fallait compter aussi sur la bonne grâce du Parti Populaire. Or, celui-ci, non seulement en a fait largement preuve à leur égard, mais encore leur a-t-il spontanément assuré son puissant appui.

C'est pourquoi la mesure libérale prise, sous l'inspiration de son chef éclairé, par le Parti Républicain Populaire, dénote une évolution heureuse de ce dernier ; en même temps qu'elle constitue un événement digne de retenir l'attention dans de domaine international. D'autant plus que, dans la plupart des pays européens qui en possèdent, les minorités semblent, à l'heure actuelle, traverser une crise dont l'acuité, parfois grave, troublante, inquiétante, n'échappe à personne. En effet, dans certains pays, on constate le redressement vigoureux de la volonté d'indépendance, tempérée et pliée par les clauses minoritaires des récents traités de paix ; ce mouvement y est justifié, il est vrai, par de fâcheux exemples que fournissent certains Etats voisins, lesquels, libres de tous engagements conventionnels, semblent dénier aux minorités les éléments et les facteurs primordiaux d'une existence paisible et honnête, ou même appliquer à leur égard une politique implacable d'absorption et d'assimilation. Dans certains autres pays, une série de mesures législatives ou administratives sont prises qui emportent la négation manifeste ou la répudiation tacite des obligations internationalement contractées en faveur des minorités, et cela est plus grave, car cela porte atteinte au respect, déjà fortement affaibli, que l'on doit aux traités.

Vu cette pénible situation des minorités dans d'autres pays, celles de Turquie se sont montrées profondément heureuses en voyant entrer dans l'Assemblée Nationale des personnes de leurs communautés. Et les nouveaux députés se sont révélés assez avisés pour ne point se considérer comme des représentants de leurs « nations » au sein du Parlement d'Ankara tous ont déclaré publi- quement qu'ils y entraient non point comme les représentants des minorités dont ils font partie respectivement. Le député arménien Kerestédjian a été plus explicite : « En Turquie, il n'y a plus, dit-il, de question de minorités et de « non-musulmanisme ». Les Arméniens ne constituent point un élément de population distinct parce que formant un groupe dénommé « minorité »."

Voir également : La place des Arméniens dans les révolutions jeune-turque et kémaliste

La Turquie kémaliste et sa minorité arménienne

Elections municipales en Turquie : le MHP poursuit sa politique arménienne traditionnelle

Interview de candidats arméniens du MHP (parti nationaliste turc réputé "dur")

La politique arménienne des Jeunes-Turcs et des kémalistes   

Le projet ottomaniste d'admission des Arméniens dans l'armée ottomane : des Tanzimat à la révolution jeune-turque

La place des Arméniens dans l'Etat hamidien

Le règne du "sultan rouge" (sic) Abdülhamit II (Abdul-Hamid II) : une "belle époque" pour les Arméniens ottomans hors d'Anatolie orientale

Abdülhamit II (Abdul-Hamid II), un sultan entouré d'Arméniens

Le millet arménien au XIXe siècle : ascension socio-économique, apogée de l'autonomie structurelle interne et montée du nationalisme

Les Arméniens et la police hamidienne

La place des chrétiens d'Orient dans les révolutions jeune-turque et kémaliste

Les Juifs ottomans/turcs éminents

La place des Kurdes dans la révolution jeune-turque et la vie politique de la République de Turquie

Montréal : des nationalistes arméniens ont vandalisé à deux reprises un centre communautaire turc

Turkish community centre in Montreal is vandalized
Katherine Wilton, Montreal Gazette More from Katherine Wilton, Montreal Gazette   
Published on: May 18, 2015
Last Updated: May 18, 2015 6:33 PM EDT

For the second time in less than a month, vandals have plastered stickers on Montreal’s Turkish Community Centre demanding Turkey acknowledge and take responsibility for the Armenian genocide.

Turkish Montrealers who arrived at the centre on Villeray St. with their children on Sunday were worried about the nine stickers on the front of the building, said Mehmet Kocabas, a member of the community who uses the centre.

Security cameras showed two men arrived at the community centre about 2:40 a.m. Sunday morning and plastered the building with the stickers saying: “Never Forget, No Excuses: Justice and Reparations for the Armenian people.”

Kocabas said the Turkish community is particularly alarmed the stickers display a closed fist that is red in colour, which they fear may signal violence.

    It was definitely not an olive branch. It’s escalating. People are worried that the next time it will be broken windows or a Molotov cocktail.
— Montrealer Mehmet Kocabas

Montreal police are investigating the vandalism Kocabas is calling a hate crime.

“It was definitely not an olive branch,” he said. “It’s escalating. People are worried that the next time it will be broken windows or a Molotov cocktail.”

On April 24, the day Armenians commemorate the genocide, another vandal plastered three similar stickers on the door of the community centre, Kocabas said. On that occasion, the community centre’s officials decided not to file a police report.

Kocabas said he wants the leaders of the Montreal’s Armenian community to denounce the vandalism and said the 10,000 and 15,000 Turkish Canadians who live in Quebec shouldn’t be held responsible for what happened during the First World War.
Related

    Montreal's young Armenians carry history forward

“We are here to integrate and live in peace. We are not here to defend the interests of the Turkish government,” said Kocabas, a Montreal dentist. “The Armenians won’t advance their cause by attacking Turkish Canadians.”

The latest incident of vandalism occurred two weeks after thousands of Montrealers marched downtown to mark the 100th anniversary of the Armenian genocide, in which 1.5 million Armenians were killed by Ottoman Turks. The slaughters and deportations began in 1915 as Ottoman officials worried the Armenians would side with Russia during the First World War. However, Turkey said those killed were the victims of civil war and unrest, and the Turkish government disputes the numbers killed.

Kocabas denounced the decision of the Canadian government to side with the Armenians in the debate over the genocide. “They’re taking sides in a historical debate that has not been proven legally,” he said.

For his part, Kocabas said he believes “tragic events happened during the First World War” and that the Ottoman Turks relocated some citizens — as Canada did with Japanese Canadians during the Second World War — out of fear they might collaborate with Russia, he said. He acknowledged the failed state wasn’t able to protect all its citizens, but denied there was a genocide. “Was there a blatant attempt to commit a genocide and wipe out a nation? Absolutely not,” he said.
Source : http://montrealgazette.com/news/local-news/turkish-community-centre-in-montreal-is-vandalized

Arménie : des dons luxueux pour les officiels du régime bananier

in English
Lavish ‘Donations’ To Armenian Officials Not Investigated

Sargis Harutyunyan

Հրապարակված է՝ 05.06.2015

Senior Armenian state officials tasked with combatting corruption have faced no investigations into millions of dollars in financial aid which they and their wives claim to have received from undisclosed sources in recent years.


The officials running the “oversight services” of President Serzh Sarkisian, Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamian and the Armenian parliament have reported such lavish financial contributions in their annual asset declarations filed with the state Commission on the Ethics of High-Ranking Officials.

So far none of them has been accused by the commission of using their position to enrich themselves and their relatives. Nor are law-enforcement authorities known to have investigated the origin of the “donations” which Armenia’s leading anti-graft watchdog believes carry serious “corruption risks.”
Hovannes Hovsepian, the wealthy head of the presidential Oversight Service, claims to have especially generous benefactors. Hovsepian’s income declarations say that from 2011 through 2014 he received a total of $2.75 million in dollar donations from individuals or legal entities not identified by him. According to the document, the minimum amount of a single donation to Hovsepian was $100,000, while the largest one stood at as much as $1.6 million.

The presidential service headed by him is supposed to monitor use of public funds by various government agencies and detect possible instances of their embezzlement.

Sargis Grigorian manages a similar oversight division in the prime minister’s office. He has reported no lavish donations and claims to live off his monthly salary of 314,000 drams ($660). His wife, Armine Kocharian, is apparently unemployed, having reported no financial incomes to the anti-graft commission.

However, Kocharian somehow managed to receive $530,000 in loans from Armenian banks from 2012-2014. She also admitted paying around $120,000 to buy several paintings last year.

Just how Grigorian’s wife secured the sizable loans is not clear. Armenian banks are extremely unlikely to lend so much money to a regular client who has no well-paid job.

The wife of Gagik Mkrtumian, a senior official at the parliamentary Audit Chamber, claimed to have received last year $100,000 in “donations” in addition to earning 180,000 drams ($380) per month. Karine Mazmanian too did not disclose the source of the cash.

The wife of Ishkhan Zakarian, the controversial Audit Chamber chief, reported a single and far more modest donation: $15,000. Zakarian’s asset declaration says that Gayane Soghomonian received the money in 2011.

The sum pales in comparison with the conspicuous wealth of Zakarian. Two years ago he was forced by opposition lawmakers to comment on sources of funding for his newly built villa in Yerevan reportedly worth millions of dollars. Zakarian said that the mansion’s construction was mainly financed by Albert Boyajian, an Armenian-American businessman described by him as his “friend.”

For the Anti-Corruption Center (ACC), the Armenian branch of the Berlin-based group Transparency International, these financial statements are a cause for serious concern.


“Such donations can be considered to be transactions fraught with high risks of corruption,” Artak Manukian, an ACC expert, told RFE/RL’s Armenian service (Azatutyun.am) on Friday. Manukian said that they would at least be investigated in many countries that are “really fighting against corruption.”

Siranush Sahakian, the chairwoman of the Commission on the Ethics of High-Ranking Officials, last month could not name a single state official who the anti-graft body believes has enriched themselves through abuse of power. The remarks suggest that the commission has never scrutinized the “donations.”

No such investigations have been reported by Armenian law-enforcement bodies either. They declined on Friday to respond to RFE/RL inquiries on the subject.


This stance will only fuel more skepticism about the Armenian government’s stated efforts to tackle widespread bribery, nepotism and other corrupt practices.

The government pledged to reinvigorate those efforts in February when it announced plans to set up a new Anti-Corruption Council that will be headed by Prime Minister Abrahamian and comprise several ministers and other top state officials. It also urged the political parties represented in the Armenian parliament and civic groups to nominate their representatives to the council. None of those groups expressed readiness to join the body.

Armenia ranked, along with four African states, 94th of 174 countries and territories evaluated in the Transparency International’s most recent Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) released last December. It occupied the same position in the 2013 CPI which covered 177 nations.
Source : http://www.azatutyun.am/content/article/27055881.html

Voir également : Le pouvoir arménien veut classer "secret d'Etat" les informations sur les dépenses personnelles de ses dirigeants
 
Le Parlement arménien : un repère de millionnaires

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Arménie : libération sur parole du fils d'un diplomate, impliqué dans un trafic de drogue à la frontière iranienne

La police arménienne a "perdu" 78 kg d'héroïne

Le beau-fils d'un député arménien serait suspecté d'être l'auteur d'une fusillade ayant fait cinq blessés

Cambriolages et vols à l'étalage : une filière des "Voleurs dans la loi" démantelée en France

Mafia : une filière des "Voleurs dans la loi" démantelée en France

Le Point - Publié le 01/06/2015 à 15:27 - Modifié le 01/06/2015 à 16:38
33 ressortissants géorgiens ont été arrêtés, soupçonnés d'appartenir à la fraternité criminelle et de commettre en France des cambriolages à son profit.

Trente-sept ressortissants géorgiens et arméniens, soupçonnés d'appartenir au gang criminel de l'ex-URSS "Vory v Zakone", pour lequel ils commettaient des cambriolages, ont été interpellés lundi matin en Alsace, en Poitou-Charentes et en Grèce, a-t-on appris de source policière. L'opération, notamment menée par le GIGN et le Raid, "fait suite à une enquête de plus d'un an, d'envergure, à la mesure du phénomène", a commenté le vice-procureur de la juridiction inter-régionale spécialisée (JIRS) de Nancy, Grégory Weil, en charge du dossier.

Une information judiciaire a été ouverte pour vols et recel de vols en bande organisée, association de malfaiteurs et non-justification de ressources. Sous cette qualification, les suspects encourent 15 ans de réclusion criminelle et 150 000 euros d'amende. Les mafieux supposés sont soupçonnés d'avoir commis d'innombrables cambriolages et vols à l'étalage, "de façon particulièrement massive", a indiqué M. Weil. "Une quantité impressionnante de vols, à l'échelle industrielle, étaient commis chaque jour, pilotés par les têtes de réseau. Le préjudice est compliqué à chiffrer, mais il est très conséquent", a-t-il assuré.

Lundi matin, 200 policiers de la Sûreté départementale du Bas-Rhin, ainsi que 120 gendarmes de l'Office central de la lutte contre la délinquance itinérante, ont procédé aux interpellations, avec l'aide des analystes d'Europol et d'Interpol, ont précisé les autorités de police et de gendarmerie dans un communiqué. Lors des perquisitions, des dizaines de milliers de cigarettes de contrebande, de l'argent liquide, des armes et des milliers d'objets provenant supposément de vols ont été découverts par les enquêteurs.
Code d'honneur strict

Les "Vory v Zakone", littéralement "Voleurs dans la loi", organisation criminelle ultra-hiérarchisée venue de l'ex-URSS, s'implantent depuis quelques années en France, petit à petit, sans faire de vagues, selon plusieurs spécialistes. Nés en Russie au XIXe siècle, les Vory regroupent différentes nationalités issues de l'ex-bloc soviétique (Russie, Géorgie, Arménie, Moldavie, Tchétchénie, Ukraine...) et se sont exportés en Europe depuis le début des années 1990, plus récemment en France, "vers 2009-2010", selon la police.

David Cronenberg s'est inspiré d'eux pour son film Les Promesses de l'ombre (2007), avec Viggo Mortensen et Vincent Cassel. Leur mode de fonctionnement quasi militaire est basé sur un modèle immuable : le "Vor" est adoubé lors d'une cérémonie à l'ancienne de cooptation et est responsable de sa bande, gérée par des superviseurs régionaux en Europe. N'entre pas qui veut : il faut avoir un passé de délinquant et avoir fait ses armes... en prison notamment. Les membres sont reconnaissables à leurs tatouages : rose des vents, toile d'araignée, poignard. Ils sont censés être régis par un code d'honneur strict et sont réputés peu bavards en garde à vue.
Source : http://www.lepoint.fr/societe/mafia-une-filiere-des-voleurs-dans-la-loi-demantelee-en-france-01-06-2015-1932705_23.php

Voir également : Foix : jusqu'à dix-huit mois ferme pour une "petite branche d'une mafia"

Gers : l'incroyable butin de la bande organisée de cambrioleurs arméno-géorgiens

Aveyron et Sud-Ouest : démantèlement d'un réseau de cambrioleurs arméniens et "géorgiens"

Le problème des gangs arméno-géorgiens dans le Grand Sud

Criminalité arméno-géorgienne : le rapport qui accuse

Auditions de la mission parlementaire sur la lutte contre l'insécurité dans les territoires

Vols : les filières arméno-géorgiennes

Le gangstérisme arménien, une sordide réalité de la France actuelle

Arméniens et mafias étrangères en France : un état des lieux par Dimitri Zoulas

Arméniens et autres mafias en France : un phénomène inquiétant

Gangstérisme géorgien : "Le rôle de receleurs est souvent tenu par des criminels arméniens" (Stéphane Quéré, criminologue)

Rennes : démantèlement d'un réseau de malfaiteurs arméniens

Paris : qui sont les nouveaux cambrioleurs ?

Paris : encore un receleur arménien impliqué dans un réseau de cambrioleurs

Mafia "géorgienne" en Aquitaine : arrestation du parrain d'un réseau russo-arménien

Oissel : 194 objets volés, découverts dans la chambre d'un cambrioleur